Ankle Pain
In New York City

Ankle pain is a common concern that can significantly impact mobility and daily activities. This informational guide is designed to offer patients a comprehensive overview of ankle pain, covering its causes, symptoms, and various treatment options.

Causes of Ankle Pain

Ankle pain can stem from a variety of factors, including:

  1. Sprains and Strains: Overstretching or tearing of ligaments (sprains) or muscles and tendons (strains) around the ankle.
  2. Fractures: Breaks in the bones of the ankle, often resulting from trauma or falls.
  3. Arthritis: Inflammation of the joints, such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, can cause chronic ankle pain.
  4. Tendonitis: Inflammation of the tendons around the ankle due to overuse or injury.
  5. Bursitis: Inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion the ankle joint.

Symptoms of Ankle Pain

Common symptoms associated with ankle pain include:

  1. Pain or Discomfort: Persistent pain in or around the ankle, ranging from mild to severe.
  2. Swelling: Inflammation and swelling around the ankle joint.
  3. Bruising: Discoloration or bruising may occur, particularly after an injury.
  4. Limited Range of Motion: Difficulty moving the ankle due to stiffness or pain.
  5. Instability: Feeling of unsteadiness or weakness in the ankle.

Treatment Options

Effectively managing ankle pain involves addressing the underlying cause. Treatment options may include:

  1. Rest and Elevation: Allowing the ankle to rest and elevating it to reduce swelling.
  2. Ice and Compression: Applying ice and compression can help alleviate pain and inflammation.
  3. Pain Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-inflammatory drugs may be recommended.
  4. Physical Therapy: Targeted exercises to strengthen the ankle and improve flexibility.
  5. Bracing or Splinting: Supportive devices like braces or splints may be used for stability during healing.
  6. Corticosteroid Injections: Injections may be considered for severe pain and inflammation.
  7. Surgical Intervention: In cases of severe injuries or chronic conditions, surgery may be necessary.


To prevent ankle pain or reduce its recurrence, consider the following preventive measures:

  1. Proper Footwear: Wear well-fitted shoes with proper support, especially during physical activities.
  2. Warm-Up Exercises: Perform warm-up exercises before engaging in sports or strenuous activities.
  3. Strength and Balance Training: Regular exercises to strengthen the ankle and improve balance.
  4. Cautious Movement: Be mindful of your surroundings to avoid slips, trips, and falls.

Ankle pain is a treatable condition, and early intervention is crucial for optimal recovery. If you are experiencing persistent or severe ankle pain, it is advisable to consult with Dr. Ayoub for a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan. Understanding the causes, recognizing symptoms, and adopting preventive measures are essential steps toward maintaining the health and functionality of your ankles.